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About Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal, Agra, Uttar Pradesh

Most popular attraction of Asia is Taj Mahal. Being one of the seven wonders of world, Taj Mahal needs no introduction to people who love creativity of par excellence. Located in the Mughal city, Agra, Taj Mahal cajoles tourist from all over the globe.

A symphony in white marble, the Taj is undoubtedly the most beautiful - if not the perfect-tomb in the world. Built by Shah Jahan in memory of his queen Mumtaz Mahal, the Taj Mahal took some twenty years to complete in 1652. Artists from all over the world – from Persia, Turkey, France and Italy – were invited by the great Mughal emperor to design and build this magnificent edifice. Several designs were presented to the grief-stricken emperor, but the one he finally selected was that of the Persian master builder, Ustad Isa Khan Effendi, who toiled for 20 years with some 20,000 laborers and craftsman assembled from all over the world, to give from to his own and to Shah Jahan’s vision.

The Taj owes its almost hounting beauty not only to perfect balance and harmony of tis over – all structure, or to the delicate intricacy of the enchanting inlaid flower - designs, or to its aesthetically perfect dome, or to the beautiful gardens, canals and water fountains leading to the tomb. Rather, its fascinating beauty is a result of a conscious and deliberate combination of all these varied and complimentary elements.

Historical past

The development of this marble masterpiece is credited towards the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan who erected this mausoleum in memory of his beloved wife, Arjumand Bano Begum, popularly identified as Mumtaz Mahal, who died in AH 1040 (Ad 1631). Her final wish to her husband was "to create a tomb in her memory like the world had never observed before". Therefore emperor Shah Jahan set about constructing this fairytale like marvel. The development of Taj Mahal was began in Ad 1631 and finished at the finish of 1648 Ad. For seventeen many years, twenty thousand workmen are mentioned to become employed on it every day, for his or her accommodation a modest town, named following the deceased empress-'Mumtazabad, now identified as Taj Ganj, was built adjacent to it. Amanat Khan Shirazi was the calligrapher of Taj Mahal, his identify occurs at the end of an inscription on one of the gates of your Taj. Poet Ghyasuddin had developed the verses on the tombstone, although Ismail Khan Afridi of Turkey was the dome maker. Muhammad Hanif was the superintendent of Masons. The designer of Taj Mahal was Ustad Ahmad Lahauri. The material was introduced in from all over India and central Asia and it took a fleet of a thousand elephants to transport it to the internet site. The central dome is 187 ft large at the centre. Red sandstone was brought from Fatehpur Sikri, Jasper from Punjab, Jade and Crystal from China, Turquoise from Tibet, Lapis Lazuli and Sapphire from Sri Lanka, Coal and Cornelian from Arabia and diamonds from Panna. In all 28 type of rare, semi precious and precious stones had been utilized for inlay function within the Taj Mahal.


In primary gate of Taj faces the Southern gate. The gateway is 151 ft by 117 ft and rises to a peak of one hundred ft. Visitors can enter the primary compound also by two tiny gates at the sides of your major gate identified as Eastern & Western gate.

Main Gate

This main Gate of red sandstone and measures 30 mt. In height. It is inscribed with verses in the Koran in Arabic. The small domed pavilions on top are in Hindu style and signify regality. A striking feature from the gateway is that the lettering appears to be of the same size. The engravers have skillfully enlarged and lengthened the letters which generate an illusion of uniformity. as one enters the gateway the Taj comes into full view like a chaste dream come thorugh.

Well laid out gardens measuring 300 X 300 mt. In the form of a Charbagh are spread on either side of your pavement.

In the centre is a platform from where visitors can capture the Taj on film.

Taj Museum

To the left from the above mentioned platform is the Taj Museum. Original drawings available here show the precision with which the architect had planned this monument. He even anticipated that it would be completed in 22 a long time. Drawings with the interiors show the position of your graves in these precision that the foot of your graves faces the viewer from any angle. Many a lot more these kinds of breathtaking collections are here which can also be noticed.

The Mosque and the Jawab (An Identical Developing)

To the left of your Taj is a mosque made of red sandstone. It is common in Islam to construct a mosque next to a tomb, as it sanctifies the area and provides for a place for worship. This mosque is still employed for Friday prayers.

An identical mosque is also constructed to the correct from the Taj and is known as the Jawab (answer). Prayers are not held here as it faces west i.e. away from Mecca, the holy city of the Muslims. It was built to maintain symmetry.

The Exterior

The Taj itself stands in a raised platform. The four minarets at each corner of your plinth provide a perfect balance towards the tomb. The minarets measure 41.6 m substantial and each has a deliberate slant outwards so that in an unlikely event of an earthquake, they would not fall about the tomb but away from it. The bulbous dome with the Taj Mahal rests on an extraordinarily higher drum and rises to a total peak of 44.41 meters through the base from the drum to the apex towards the finial. The central dome of the Taj is flanked on all four angles by four very appropriate chhatris which although sufficiently detached, appear to get attached to the dome, irrespective from the angle of your view. There is only 1 point of access to the plinth and tomb, a double staircase facing the entrance. 1 has to remove shoes more than here or can put around the shoe covers which are provided at a nominal cost by the staff stationed here for the purpose.

Interior from the Taj

The interior of your mausoleum comprises a lofty central chamber, a crypt immediately below this and four octagonal corner rooms originally intended to house the graves of other royal family members.

In the centre are the cenotaphs of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal. Shah Jahan's cenotaph is to the left and is higher than that of his beloved which rests immediately below the dome. The cenotaph of Mumtaz Mahal stands within the centre with the marble screen, it has inscribed on it in persian with texts in the Koran. The cenotaph has the single epitaph inscribed on it - "Marqad Munavvar Arjumand Ban Begum Mukhatib bah Mumtaz Mahal Tanifiyat ferr sanh 1040 Hijri" (Here lies Arjumand Bano Begum called Mumtaz Mahal who died in 1040 AH or 1630 Advert).

The cenotaph of Shah Jahan is inscribed in Persian - "Marqad Mutahar Aali Hazrat Firdaus Ashiyani Sahib-qiran Saani Saani Shah Jahan Badshah taab surah sanh 1076 Hijri" (The sacred sepulchre of his most exalted Majesty, dweller of Paradise, the second lord of constellations, the king Shah Jahan, may his mausoleum ever flourish, 1076 AH (1666 Ad). Above the tombs is a Cairene lamp, the flame of which is supposed to in no way burn out. Marble screen of trelliswork surrounds the graves. Both tombs are exquisitely inlaid with semi precious stones. The acoustics of your creating are superb with the domed ceiling being created to echo chants from Koran and musician's melodies. It is suggested that 1 walk around the outside of your tomb, just before retrieving your shoes, to appreciate it from all sides.

Best time to visit

As far as seasons are concerned then, Winters, mid September to March, are considered the best season to explore Taj and its surrounding. The weather remains pleasant during this period. At Summers, from April to June and monsoon from July to August are the seasons better not to be touched.