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About Jammu and Kashmir

Dal Lake, Srinagar, Kashmir


In earlier day Kashmir is know as “Jannat” of India. But now a days, when we converse about Jammu and Kashmir, the first thing that comes into mind - a terror struck region of India. But all your vision will break as soon you will enter the paradise of India. Out of this, Kashmir is known for its immense beauty and is definitely a jewel in India's crown. Jammu and Kashmir give inspiration for art, music and poetry. Kashmir is also a honeymooners’ paradise.

Location
Jammu and Kashmir located in the North India. Jammu and Kashmir is surrounded by Pakistan, Afghanistan and China from West to East.

Climate
In Jammu and Kashmir temperature varies from one region to another. The climate of Jammu is tropical and is semi-artic in Ladakh. Rainfall varies from one region to another. But usually the temperature in the region is quite cool. In winters season don't forget to take snow coats with you.

Geography
Jammu and Kashmir is segregated into three regions. It consists of Jammu to the south, Ladakh in the northeast and geographically the smallest segment Kashmir, comprised mainly of a river valley, surrounded by lofty mountains. All three segments are distinguished by their diversity and ethinicity.

Cities Of Jammu and Kashmir
Following are the famous cities of Jammu and Kashmir

Jammu Leh Srinagar
Udhampur Kargil Ladakh

Places Of Interest

City Guide
Hawa MahalVaishno Devi – The shrine of Vaishno Devi, the Mother Goddess, is one that millions of Indians from across the subcontinent go to on pilgrimage. Situated in the Himalayan Trail foothills, the Devi’s cave is visited throughout the year by the devout. It is said that anyone who treks the Himalayan to her shrine to ask for a boon will rarely return disappointed - whether the request is for a son, an early marriage or good results in a forthcoming examination.

According to legend, Vaishno Devi took the cave for her home upon being chased by a demon, Bhairon, whom she slayed outside the shrine. A visit to the temple dedicated to Bhairon who was absolved of his in before he died, is an obligatory part of the pilgrimage. Katra - from where the 13.5 km. trek to the cave shrine begins - is 50 km. from Jammu. The average time taken for the climb to the cave shrine is approximately six hours. Permits to enter the shrine have to be obtained in advance to avoid overcrowding. Light woolens and raincapes should be carried.

Patnitop - About 112 km from Jammu city, this famous hill resort is located on a beautiful plateau at an altitude of 2024 metres. Situated on the Jammu - Srinagar highway, the resort is enveloped by thick forests offering lovely picnic spots, peaceful walks, and beautiful mountain scapes. Winter sees the place covered in thick snow making it an ideal place for skiing etc.

Sanasar - About 17 km from Patnitop and 119 km from Jammu city, Sanasar is a cup-shaped meadow surrounded by towering conifers. An added attraction of the resort is its golf course, and also its facilities for para-gliding.

Srinagar - Picturesquely situated on the banks of the Jhelum, Srinagar is about 1585 meters high in the most majestic mountains of the world. Unbelievable scenery, beautiful snow-crowned mountains all around, and an air which is cool, fresh, and crisp - all this is Srinagar. The city’s main attraction is its beautiful Dal Lake. A network of waterways laces the city together the Mughal Gardens lay themselves around with a profusion of flowers radiant in their colours. Places of interest in Srinagar are Dal Lake, Hari Parbat, Hazratbal, The Mughal Gardens, The Shankaracharya Hill and various other places.

Gulmarg - About 2653 meters high, Gulmarg or the ‘Meadow of Flowers’ is a lovely green spot where a profusion of flora changes colours with the changing seasons. Gulmarg offers the world’s highest golf course, green and rolling smooth. Come winter and town opens up to winter-sports enthusiasts.

Amarnath - Located at an elevation of 13000 feet above sea level, Amarnath is one of the most important pilgrim sites of the country. Amarnath invites visitors for a limited period of the year. It enshrines the revered ice Shivalingam, a natural ice block representing Lord Shiva. The site can be reached after an arduous trek through the mountains.

Leh & Ladakh - Nestled at the height of about 3,505 meters above sea level, Leh is the most enticing place in Leh Ladakh. Leh is one of the favorite tourist destinations located in the northernmost parts of the country. Lapped in the snow-covered fringes of the Himalayas, Leh has been the center of Tibeto-Buddhist culture since ages.

Pahalgam - The small hamlet of Pahalgam is ideally situated at the junction of the Lidder and the Sheshnag streams in the Valley of Kashmir. About 96 km from Srinagar, Pahalgam is heralded by the gushing mountain stream flowing through the thick pine and fir-covered mountains as it keeps you company till Pahalgam appears round the corner.

Kargil - The second town of Ladakh, Kargil is the main staging point between Srinagar and Leh, and is the gateway to the Suru Valley and Zanskar. It sits by the Suru river just short of the Suru and Dras-Shingo confluence, and is almost equidistant at just over 200 km from Leh and Srinagar.

Things to Do

Trekking – Trekking possibilities include short, day-long walks up and down mountain slopes to visit islated villages or monastic settlements, or across a ridge to enjoy the sheer beauty of the lunar-like mountainscape. Without trekking, a journey to Jammu and Kashmir is incomplete. It forms and major adventure sports and overs the years have gained a name of being a trekkers paradise.

River Rafting - The Kashmir valley is famous for its rivers and lakes as it is for its beautiful mountains. A range of rafting options is available on the Indus and its major tributaries. In recent years, running the Indus has become an attractive alternative to trekking and features on the itinerary of most visitors. Several agencies in Leh offer attractive rafting packages.

Mountain Climbing - The area most frequented by foreign climbers is the Nun-Kun Massif in the Great Himalayan Range. Among its six known peaks accessible from the Suru Valley, Num (7135 m) and Kun (7077 m) are the highest summits. The Climbing season extends from mid May to Mid October, the ideal period being from June to September.

Connectivity

By Air - Srinagar airport is 14 kms from the city. The taxi ride to the Tourist Reception Centre costs about Rs.250/-. Jammu & Kashmir State Road Transport Corporation (J&KSRTC) operates special coach services between the airport and the city. The state is connected by from Delhi, Mumbai and Jammu and has regular flights.

By Rail - Jammu Tawi is the nearest railhead where trains are connected from Delhi, Calcutta , Pune and Mumbai.

By Bus -National Highway 1-A, connecting Srinagar with Jammu, is a good, all-weather road with several sharp inclines and hairpin bends. It is maintained by the Border Roads Organization (BRO), which clears the road of any obstructions resulting from natural causes like landslides and heavy snowfall