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About Fatehpur Sikri

Fatehpur Sikri, Agra

Fatehpur Sikri or City of Victory, near Agra, was the capital of the Mughal empire for approximately 12 years. Fatehpur Sikri, where Akbar held court from 1670 to 1686, is not a beautiful city of redstone palaces. It is a unique phenomenon for, unlike most archeological places which consist of single monuments, Fatehpur Sikri is a whole monument city. Another unique feature of this fabulous city is that it is an embodiment of its creators. It marks a conscious attempt to synchronize the Islamic and Hindu architectural styles not only with regard to the structure and over-all design of building but even in the matter of wall and ceiling ornaments.

The Diwan-i-Am or the Hall of Public Audience, the Diwan-i-Khas or the Hall of Private Audience, the Palace of Jodha Bai, Birbal’s House, the Khwabgah (Akbar’s bedchamber), the Turkish Sultana’s house and the Panch Mahal are some of the more beautiful buildings of Fatehpur Sikri. But even more beautiful than the architectural art of these Redstone monuments is perhaps the conception of this ghost city, with its palaces, caravan serais, mosque, hospital, baths, playground, harem, lakes and gardens, where the Great Mughal ruled with his futuristic secular vision and presided over his magnificent court and the glittering “nine gems” who adorned it.